Native to the northern USA and Canada, in the wild it can grow up to 30m (100ft), under cultivation in the UK it reaches only 20m (65ft). Cottonwoods make excellent shade trees and offer habitat for wildlife, while aspens work well in compact spaces. But, the poplar family includes more than 35 native species, such as cottonwoods, aspens and balsams. Heights of mature trees range from 30 to 100 feet (9-30 m) and trunk diameters from 4 inches to 2 feet (10-60 cm) [].The trunk of balsam poplar is straight and cylindrical with an open crown of a few stout ascending branches [].The bark is smooth and light gray to grayish brown but furrows with age []. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. In the sprouting the leaves are red-brownish. Tree Tolerances. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Balsam poplar is a medium to large native deciduous tree. The leaves of the Balsam Poplar turn black in the fall, for this reason balsam poplar is also known as black poplar. different than the Balsam. There are various features through which we can identify poplar trees. Male trees flower in long, hanging catkins before the leaves appear and female trees disperse fluffy seeds into the air … It gets its name from the fra-grance of the resinous, sticky buds. Balsam Poplar Tree. Its resinous buds are used in … The western balsam poplar (P. trichocarpa) was the first tree whose full DNA code had been determined by DNA sequencing, in 2006. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. The closely related balsam or black poplar has heavier branches and a more cone-shaped profile. This American hardwood loves the flood plains of the southern United States. If you squeeze the sticky buds of the balsam poplar you can smell the pungent aroma of the balsam fragrance. In Israel the tree grows throughout the country; it grows well in rocky and hilly soils and in brackish water. Balsam poplar is notable for its pointed, shiny, oval-shaped leaves and resin-dotted undersides. balsam poplar Celtis occidentalis hackberry Tilia americana American basswood Salix sp. Poplar Identification; Balsam Tree Type . You will notice that each kind of poplar tree has unique leaves which distinguish them from each other. Balsam Poplar . It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Cottonwoods are also taller, ranging between 80 and 200 feet, whereas the balsam poplar is only 80 feet and the black poplar a mere 40 to 50. The poplar species native to North America are divided into three loose groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, and the balsam poplars. This species produces suckering stems from the roots, forming colonial clumps, especially after top logging or fire. willow species 12 12 13 13 14 14 LEAF Winter Tree ID Key ©2014 LEAF Winter Tree ID Key ©2014 This pioneer requires sun to grow well and prepares the ground for other tree species that will eventually shade it out. General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. Plant Hardiness Zone: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Shade Tolerance: Full Sun pH Tolerance: Tolerant of acid to alkaline soil (5.0 to 8.0) In practice, the terms Balsam Poplar and Balm-of-Gilead Poplar are used A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. SE Corner of Gypsy Hill and Long Rifle Roads, Lancaster PA . The green balsam also winds up with a much rougher surface, with lots of fuzz — the wood’s fibers seem to want to tear and snag rather … Populus is a genus of 25–30 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to most of the Northern Hemisphere.English names variously applied to different species include poplar / ˈ p ɒ p. l ər /, aspen, and cottonwood.. Common names of Poplar trees. The balsam tree is a species of aspen, most likely the Populus euphratica, which is believed to be native to Israel and Middle Eastern countries. Learn more about poplar trees. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas. There are a number of species – western balsam poplar, white, grey and black poplar –though, common is the Lombardy Poplar. Many homeowners plant a small region of land with this Poplar, which quickly becomes useable firewood. POPULUS BALSAMIFERA – Balsam Poplar Characteristics There are few trees that are as fragrant as the Balsam Poplar. 66 BALSAM POPLAR B P Populus balsamifera L. B alsam poplar, or Balm-of-Gilead, inhabits the borders of swamps and the low bottomlands along rivers throughout the state,except in York County. In intensively cultured stands grown on short rotations, coppicing is used to replace the new crop after harvest of the original stand established from stem cuttings. Glossy leaves emit a clean fragrance into summer nights. This tree is unfortunately now gone, but according to, it was the state champion Balsam Poplar with a trunk circumference (CBH) of 117 inches, a spread of 55 feet, and a height of 71 feet. The Balsam Tree. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Balsam poplar stump sprouts may be of little potential value in replacement of trees in mature stands after disturbance because of the fragile connection between sprout and stump. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . John Ambler . The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. The leaves of Canadian poplar are triangular to ovate. Apart from other native poplars, this species has sticky, fragrant buds that smell of balsam. These trees make fine landscaping trees because they grow quickly and most have brilliant yellow fall foliage. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Summary 2 Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar,bam,bamtree,eastern balsam poplar,hackmatack,tacamahac poplar,tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. These trees need a lot of sunlight, to be able to retain the considerable amount of moisture, but they can tolerate very cold climatic conditions as well. The resin which covers the winter buds smells strongly especially in spring when the tree buds open. Learn to identify a Balsam poplar tree. The balsam poplar is a native of the eastern and northern areas of the United States. Eastern Poplar Tree. Description. Hardiness zone(s) 0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b ... particularly minimum temperatures. An identifying feature on white poplars (Populus alba), a tough-as-nails garden tree that thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, is the five-lobed poplar leaf with a shiny, dark green top and a bright white bottom coming from a coating of hairs. The balsaam is also called the Euphrates popular and salt poplar. They are dark green, glossy and very tight. The later is a variant of the Black Poplar and is probably the most instantly recognizable – due to the habit of the branches growing almost parallel to the main stem, giving a tall, thin tree (fastigiate form). DNR RESPONSE TO COVID-19: For details on adjustments to DNR services, visit this webpage.For information on the state’s … Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. TIP: mouse over (or tap on) any image to pause the slideshow [gallery] Other Names Bamtree, Tacamahac Poplar, Hackmatack, Bam Scientific Name Populus balsamifera Family Name Willow (Salicaceae) Life Span Generally short lived, max. Identification of Poplar Trees. In poplar: Common species. The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. The Eastern Poplar is known for its fast-growth. There are several other cottonwoods and poplars native to North America but only these 3 produce the balsam buds and characteristic medicinal scent that you are looking for. Tree shapes vary depending on where the tree is growing but each species has traits that make it unique. The white poplar is the ultimate survivor tree and very difficult to dislodge once established. Moreover, if you notice a sweet fragrance from a poplar tree’s opening buds, it is likely to be a balsam poplar. The tree is somewhat different from the two preceding poplars.The branch- Milling one pass along a 100-inch balsam poplar log, roughly 9.5 inches wide at the cut, required more than one tank of gas. A young balsam poplar tree has a greenish to reddish-brown bark, which turns gray color as it ages. Some of the common names of Poplar trees … To begin with, the balsam poplar trees have leaves which are quite thick and have pointy ends. Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. The tree was last measured in 2013. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". Leaves. Other common names for the species include … Balm of Gilead comes from the early spring buds of the Balsam Poplar (Populus balsamifera), the Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) or the Narrowleaf Balsam Poplar (Populus angustifolia). The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. ×jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment.The western balsam poplar, also called black cottonwood (P. trichocarpa), grows some 60 metres (195 feet) tall and is one of the largest deciduous trees of northwestern North America.Read More NOTE: this new area is currently in draft. Our most common tree is the aspen poplar and they are easily recognized by their straight, slender trunk and rounded top. Populus trichocarpa is a deciduous Tree growing to 40 m (131ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. The unique scent is also how the tree derives its name the balsam poplar tree. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. Populus balsamifera Populus means Tree of the People. Most horticulturists cannot say if this is a naturally occurring hybrid of the Balsam Poplar or whether is a horticulturally-created cultivar, and precise identification is quite difficult. Poplar, genus of some 35 species of trees in the willow family (Salicaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere.