Data gathered in Project description. The EAC Rules of Origin form Annex 111 of the Protocol. The Partner States have undertaken harmonisation of their exemption regimes which shall be administered regionally. Partner States immediately agreed that goods to and from Uganda and Tanzania shall be duty free. On 30 November 1993, the three Heads of State signed an Agreement on the establishment of the Permanent Tripartite Commission for East African Co-operation. b) Duty and VAT remission schemes: Partner States agreed to support export promotion by facilitating duty and value added tax (VAT) remission schemes. (Refer: Subsidies & Countervailing Measures Regulations), For purposes of offsetting the effects of subsidies, a countervailing duty may be levied on any product of any foreign country imported into the Customs Union. H.E. At the on-set, East African Co-operation generally viewed itself as a fast track for regional integration in the Eastern and Southern African region, particularly as fast tracking the COMESA integration initiative. Partner States recognised the challenges dumping imposes on the domestic market. This is important in view of the developments at the global level, where countries are entering into economic partnership as regional groupings. It was on that basis that the then 3 Heads of State held a Mini – Summit on the sideline of the Commonwealth Heads of Government and States (CHOGS) Summit held in Harare in November 1991, during which they announced their intention to re-launch the East African Co-operation. Private sector operators based in the region with cross-border business operations are able to exploit the comparative and competitive advantages offered by regional business locations, without having to factor in the differences in tariff protection rates, and added business transaction costs arising from customs clearance formalities. © 1999 - 2020 East African Community. In that Agreement, signed on 14 May 1984, there was a provision that the 3 East African countries (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), could explore areas of future co-operation. Burundi and Rwanda became members in 2007 while South Sudan gained accession in April 2016. GIZ has been supporting the regional integration process in East Africa ever since the revival of the East African Community (EAC) in 1996. However, the desire for East African Unity was kept alive until the new East African Community was born in 1999. j) East African Community Committee on Trade Remedies: The Protocol established the above committee. Partner States agreed to remove all non-tariff barriers, and that no new non-tariff barriers would be imposed. In 2000, with their total GDP of US$ 25.553 billion (Kenya - US$10.357 billion; Tanzania - US$ 9.027billion and Uganda - US$ 6.17 billion) and a combined population of around 86 million people, the 3 countries combined compared unfavourably with Vietnam with a total GDP of US$ 31.344 billion and a population of 79 million people. Political Federation is the fourth Pillar and ultimate goal of the East African Community integration and is anchored in Article 123 of the Treaty. East African Community (EAC), organization that provides for cooperation, including the maintenance of a common market and the operation of common services, between the republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania.. Common standards of trade documentation and procedures within the community will be adopted. In this respect, Partner States agreed not to enact legislation, or apply administrative measures, which directly or indirectly discriminate against the same or similar products of other Partner States. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation consisting of the six East African countries of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania. Therefore, within a Customs Union, Partner States have to behave as a single customs territory and trading bloc. Box 3243, Roosvelt Street W21K19 It was further agreed that the establishment of a Customs Union would be progressive in the course of a transitional period of 5 years. The East African Community (EAC) was originally founded in 1967, dissolved in 1977, and revived with the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community (the Treaty Establishing EAC) signed in 1999 by Kenya, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania. The realization of a large regional economic bloc encompassing Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda with a combined population of 120 million people, land area of 1.85 million sq kilometres and a combined gross domestic product of $ 41 billion, bears great strategic and geopolitical significance and prospects of a renewed and reinvigorated East African Community. Partner States undertook to review the maximum rate of the common external tariff after a period of 5 years from the coming into force of the Customs Union. East Africa Community was resurrected in 1999 which was transformed to a custom union in the year 2005. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia The East African Community (EAC) is a regional inter governmental organization established under Article 2 of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community that entered into force in July 2000. THE FORMATION OF THE COMMUNITY Following the collapse of the original East African Community in 1977, the three founding member countries signed the East African Community Mediation Agreement17 in May 1984 to provide for the division of the assets The Protocol further provides for the establishment of other special economic arrangements for purposes of development of the economies of the Partner States. The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental regional body that brings together east African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, and South Sudan. Mr. Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda, was appointed to lead the AU institutional reforms process. It is the strategic framework for delivering on Africa’s goal for inclusive and sustainable development and is a concrete manifestation of the pan-African drive for unity, self-determination, freedom, progress and collective prosperity pursued under Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance. Functions of the freeports are provided. (Solved) Give the objectives of The Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS). Nevertheless, such firms have in the medium term overcome lack of competitiveness, through: (a) additional investment in newer production technologies; (b) specialization in activities where they have a competitive advantage; (d) Forming strategic alliances with their competitors. Objectives of the East African Community To maintain a common markets for the member states and promote balanced economic cooperation. core of the customs union. Nevertheless, a Customs Union on its own will not bring about faster economic development. African Union Headquarters Rules of Origin are the laws, regulations and administrative procedures which determine a product’s country of origin. Title: Promotion of peace and security in the East African Community (EAC) Commissioned by: German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Country: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda Lead executing agency: Secretariat of the East African Community (EAC) with headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania Overall term: 2009 to 2014 The Treaty for Establishment of the East African Community was signed on 30th November 1999 and entered into force on 7th July 2000 following its ratification by the Original 3 Partner States – Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The Partner States agreed to prohibit any practice that adversely affects free trade, including any kinds of agreement (undertaking or practices that involve working in concert) that prevent competition. Although resentments and tensions between states led to its collapse in 1977, the project was revived in 2001. While the objectives of the East African Community are broader and cover almost all spheres of life, the main objective of the Customs Union is formation of a single customs territory. In East Africa we see the potential that exists in regional organisations. Objectives 3. East African Community endows the Secretariat with the responsibility of promoting and disseminating information on the Community to the stakeholders, the general public and the international community. Although resentments and tensions between states led to its collapse in 1977, the project was revived in 2001. (Solved) Explain the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001. Annex IX provides the EAC Customs Union Dispute Settlement mechanism. The process of regional integration as stipulated in the Treaty for the Establishment of the East Africa Community aims at creating opportunities for the East African people. In order to promote the objectives of the Community provided for under Article 5 of the Treaty and in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol, the Partner States hereby establish a common market as an integral part of the Community. ENTEBBE, UGANDA – East African community countries have been urged to come up with policies that support small farmers to participate effectively in the Agriculture sector where they contribute about 60%. The East African Community (EAC) was originally founded in 1967 by Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, a post-independence evolution of the colonial era East African Common Services Organisation. The Treaty for the Establis… The East African Community Development Strategy for the period 2011/12-2015/16 outlines broad strategic goals of the East African Community as well as the specific targets to be achieved during the period. Establishment of the East African Community Common Market 1. This was out of the fact that the 3 Member states - Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, were also members of COMESA and at that time were trading under the COMESA trade regime. The primary objective of the Protocol establishing the Customs Union is to facilitate inter and intra regional trade in goods. In the short run, the firms that stood to gain most were those that were already competitive. EAC East African Community EASF Eastern Africa Standby Force EASFCOM EASF Coordinating Mechanism ... using thematic interpretation in accordance with the objectives of the study. Description of the Subject: East African Community. The co-operation applies to any activity undertaken by the Partner States in the field of Customs Management, and includes the following:Customs administration; Matters concerning trade liberalisation; Trade related aspects including the simplification and harmonisation of trade documentation, customs regulations and procedures; Trade remedies; National and joint institutional arrangements; Training facilities and programmes on customs and trade; Production and exchange of customs and trade statistics and information; and The promotion of exports. It made laws for the Community. (Refer: Dispute Settlement). Date posted: May 25, 2017. The Protocol provisions on customs administration cover the following areas: i) Communication of customs and trade information: Partner States shall exchange information on matters relating to customs and trade. EACSO dissolved to form the first EAC in 1967 whose aim was to have a common market, … (Refer: Safeguard Measures Regulations). promote dignity and equal opportunities for persons with albinism; develop and promote participation of people with albinism in all aspects of life as equal citizens of the Community; Intra-regional trade within the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), for instance, has grown from $15 billion in 2009 to $21 billion in 2014. Unlike the Treaty from 1967, the current EAC Treaty explicitly This is their official website. The EAC aims at widening and deepening co-operation among the Partner States in, among others, political, economic and social fields for their mutual benefit. Gender Protocol History Regional co-operation in East Africa goes more than 100 years back. Other export promotion schemes provided for in the Protocol include: a) Duty drawback scheme: Upon the exportation of goods to a foreign country, the drawback of import duties may be allowed in such amounts and on conditions prescribed in the Protocol. Unlike in developed countries, economic integration is not just for purpose of trade per se, but as a vehicle for bringing about faster economic development. A Protocol for the Establishment of the East African Community Customs Union was signed by the 3 East African Heads of State on 2 March 2004 in Arusha, Tanzania. In the event that such goods are sold in the community, the goods attract the full duties, levies and other charges provided for in the common external tariff. Trade liberalisation refers to the removal of obstacles to free trade. The Protocol allows for the approval of other export promotion schemes that may be deemed necessary. The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi acceded to the EAC Treaty on 18th June 2007 and became full Members of the Community with effect from 1st July 2007. While the objectives of the East African Community are broader and cover almost all spheres of life, as stipulated in paragraph 5(i) above, the main objective of the customs union is formation of a single customs territory. Work on development of Bills for establishment of East African Surveillance, Compliance and Enforcement Commission and East African Financial Services Commission is ongoing. East African Community (EAC), organization that provides for cooperation, including the maintenance of a common market and the operation of common services, between the republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.Its headquarters are in Arusha, Tanzania.. Strategic Goals. View Test Prep - Simplified Version of EAC Customs Union Protocol from LEGAL 124 at University College Utrecht. Due to the multiple memberships of the Partner States in other regional organisations, the EAC Customs Union could enter into a FTA with other trading blocs, or in the extreme circumstance, merge with them to make a larger trading bloc. A manual to guide the application of the EAC rules of origin has been developed. A harmonised system to facilitate the sharing of information will also be operated. The committee is composed of nine members, three from each Partner State and its functions are clearly provided in the Protocol. • The Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community; • Commitment by EAC to observe elections in Partner States; • In response to the invitation of the Independent Electoral Commission of Burundi (CENI) 2.0 OBJECTIVES The objectives for the EAC Observer Mission were as follows: 1. By moving towards the creation of one economic region through the Customs Union, EAC created a single market of over 145 million people and a combined GDP of around US$ 147.5 billion (EAC Facts & Figures Report 2015). (Refer: Freeport Operations Regulations). An authority to manage freeports will be established. v) Prevention, Investigation and Suppression of Customs Offences: Partner States agreed to cooperate in prevention, investigation and suppression of Customs Offences thorough according each other mutual assistance, exchange of information, and consultations on establishment of common border posts. However, at the moment, there is nothing tangible to boast about. The findings were then presented in narrative excerpts within the report. Community have resulted in its purposes and objectives being met. Such firms are specifically authorised to carry out these activities in the zones. (Solved) Give the objectives of The Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS). Moussa Faki Mahamat, Chairperson of the African Union Commission's working visit to the DRC, Virtual High-Level Launch of the Futures Report: Making the AfCFTA Work for Women and Youth, 37th Weekly Press Briefing on the Coronavirus disease outbreak, 67th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human & Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR), The Africa Women in Media Conference and Festival 2020. (iii) Movement across the borders has been made possible due to opening of borders and the introduction of the East African passports. Goods benefiting from export promotion schemes shall be primarily sold for export. Many of the national elites old enough to remember the former EAC often share memories and a sharp sense of loss at its eventual dissolution. In view of the current global trend where trade negotiations are increasingly being carried out under regional blocs, formation of a Customs Union in East Africa … The aim of EAC is to gradually establish among themselves a Customs Union, a Common Market, a Monetary Union, and ultimately a Political Federation of the East African States. The USA together with Canada and Mexico have come together under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and want to expand taking on board countries of Central and Latin America. (Refer: Subsidies & Countervailing Measures Regulations), Partner States agreed to apply safeguard measures to situations where there is a sudden surge of a product imported into a Partner State, under conditions which cause or threaten to cause injury to domestic producers.They undertook to cooperate in detection and investigation of dumping, subsidies and sudden surge of imports, and in imposition of agreed measures to curb such practices. To contribute to regional Integration by ensuring adherence to justice, rule of law and fundamental rights and freedoms through the interpretation and application of and compliance with the East African Community … This mechanism is currently in place. The provisions further state that goods entering a freeport shall be granted total relief of duty and any other import levies except where the goods are removed from the freeport for home use. EAC. The Protocol provides that trade within the EAC will be conducted in accordance with agreed East African Rules of Origin. Adjustment of the national external tariffs to the Common External Tariff has resulted into major welfare gains for consumers, if the CET on finished goods will be lowered as a result of such adjustment. Fax: +251 11 551 78 44, 13th Extraordinary Session of the African Union Heads of State and Government on the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), Communiqué of the Chairperson of African Union Commission on the progress of mediation by the State of Kuwait regarding the Gulf conflict, Communiqué of the joint African Union and ECOWAS pre-election mission to the Republic of Niger, Communiqué on H.E. Objective. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of 6 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Therefore, trade is at the core of the Customs Union. Objectives of the East African Community: a) To maintain a common markets for the member states and promote balanced economic cooperation. The Role of the East African Community(EAC) in Africa's Regional Integration Initiative. ... East African Community endows the Secretariat with the responsibility of promoting and disseminating information on the Community to the stakeholders, It is with this consideration that the principle of asymmetry was adopted in the phasing out of internal tariffs, in order to provide firms located in Uganda and Tanzania with an adjustment period of five years. East African Community The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Rwanda and Republic of Burundi with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Similarly, policies relating to trade between the Partner States and o… Before the Customs Union, trade in the region was carried out under different external tariffs; customs regulations, procedures and documentation. However, full fledged co-operation took root after the launching of the Secretariat in Arusha on 14 March 1996. Co-ordination Committee. (Solved) Explain the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001. However, following issuance of a withdrawal notice from COMESA by Tanzania in September 1999, the 3 EAC Partner States agreed within the framework of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community, signed on 30 November 1999 and came into force on 7 July 2000, to continue trading preferentially along the trade regime applicable at the time of signing of the Treaty. The regional integration process is at a high pitch at the moment. Answers (1) What are the achievements of The East Africa Community(EAC)-2001? What are the objectives of The Economic Community of West African States(ECOWAS)? Nevertheless, East African integration still has a long way to go. All Rights Reserved. MISSION. ... as may be necessary for the achievement of the objectives of the Treaty. (Refer: EAC Duty Remission Regulations), c) Manufacturing under bond schemes: This scheme allows imported goods to be used within the EAC territory for processing or manufacture. There was the East African Legislative Assembly, which was composed of 3 Community Ministers, 3 Deputy Ministers, 9 representatives appointed by each member state. The aim of creating one single customs territory is to enable Partner States to enjoy economies of scale, with a view to supporting the process of economic development. Most importantly, however, is the signalling effect that arises from the Partner States agreeing to implement a common trade policy in their relationship with the rest of the world. x PREFACE This Strategic Plan succeeds the second-generation Strategic Plans, 2013 – 2017 for the Ministry of East African Community and Regional Development. The primary objective of the Protocol establishing the Customs Union is to facilitate inter and intra regional trade in goods. Established in 1999 and located in Arusha, Tanzania, the court hears cases from Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Tanzania. iv) Commodity Description and Coding System: Partner States adopted the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System. there should be no discrimination. The findings were then presented in narrative excerpts within the report.