Without refuel, the B-2 Spirit has a range of over 6,000 miles. Halcyon. "Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit". [145] Spirit of Kansas had been operated by the 393rd Bomb Squadron, 509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, and had logged 5,176 flight hours. Goodall, James C. "The Northrop B-2A Stealth Bomber.". [6], The B-2 is capable of all-altitude attack missions up to 50,000 feet (15,000 m), with a range of more than 6,000 nautical miles (6,900 mi; 11,000 km) on internal fuel and over 10,000 nautical miles (12,000 mi; 19,000 km) with one midair refueling. The Northrop (later Northrop Grumman) B-2 Spirit, also known as the Stealth Bomber, is an American heavy strategic bomber, featuring low observable stealth technology designed for penetrating dense anti-aircraft defenses. Additional reduction in its radar signature was achieved by the use of various radar-absorbent materials (RAM) to absorb and neutralize radar beams. [78], The B-2, in the envisaged Cold War scenario, was to perform deep-penetrating nuclear strike missions, making use of its stealthy capabilities to avoid detection and interception throughout missions. [47], Some B-2 advocates argued that procuring twenty additional aircraft would save money because B-2s would be able to deeply penetrate anti-aircraft defenses and use low-cost, short-range attack weapons rather than expensive standoff weapons. Under budgetary pressures and Congressional opposition, in his 1992 State of the Union Address, President George H. W. Bush announced B-2 production would be limited to 20 aircraft. B2 (New York City bus) serving Brooklyn B2, the IATA airline designator code for Belavia Belarusian Airlines; B2, East coast district of Bray, Co.Wicklow, Ireland; B2 (İstanbul) - a commuter line in İstanbul, also known as the Sirkeci-Halkalı line. The F-117 used flat surfaces (faceting technique) for controlling radar returns as during its development (see Lockheed Have Blue) in the early 1970s, technology only allowed for the simulation of radar reflections on simple, flat surfaces; computing advances in the 1980s made it possible to simulate radar returns on more complex curved surfaces. It is speculated to have an upward-facing light sensor which alerts the pilot to increase or reduce altitude to match the changing illuminance of the sky. [148] The cause of the crash was later determined to be moisture in the aircraft's Port Transducer Units during air data calibration, which distorted the information being sent to the bomber's air data system. [15] Both teams used flying wing designs. [126] The use of JDAMs and precision-guided munitions effectively replaced the controversial tactic of carpet-bombing, which had been harshly criticized due to it causing indiscriminate civilian casualties in prior conflicts, such as the 1991 Gulf War. [33], The program was the subject of public controversy for its cost to American taxpayers. The video was shot by radio host and film producer Jeff Bolton for an upcoming documentary. [7], By the mid-1970s, military aircraft designers had learned of a new method to avoid missiles and interceptors, known today as "stealth". It later served in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya. 4.6 out of 5 stars 7. ", "B-2 Fire at AAFB Back in February of 2010 Was 'Horrific,' Not 'Minor'. The B2 – Bomber A Closer Look at the B2 Configuration David Cross, Joel Faber, and Raul Telles AOE 4124 [42], The escalating cost of the B-2 program and evidence of flaws in the aircraft's ability to elude detection by radar[41] were among factors that drove opposition to continue the program. Stylized B-2 Spirit stealth bomber base mesh 3D Model. The aircraft involved was AV-11 Spirit of Washington. [121] B2SS hangars are known to have been deployed to Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia and RAF Fairford. AMP 144-002 - 1/144 - В-2 Spirit Northrop Grumman Stealth Bomber Plastic Model. [43] In 1990, the Department of Defense accused Northrop of using faulty components in the flight control system; it was also found that redesign work was required to reduce the risk of damage to engine fan blades by bird ingestion. “The B-2 … Inside that black world, thousands of people worked their wonder creating a stealth bomber unlike anything the aerospace world had ever seen. ", "Stealth bomber classified documents missing. [109] Radars operating at a lower frequency band (S or L band) are able to detect and track certain stealth aircraft that have multiple control surfaces, like canards or vertical stabilizers, where the frequency wavelength can exceed a certain threshold and cause a resonant effect. Ages: 12 years and up . [155] The exhibit features Spirit of Ohio's nose wheel door, with its Fire and Ice artwork, which was painted and signed by the technicians who performed the temperature testing. No operational B-2s have been retired by the Air Force to be put on display. During the late 1980s and 1990s, Congress slashed plans to purchase 132 bombers to 21. $119.95 $ 119. [106] The bomber does not always fly stealthily; when nearing air defenses pilots "stealth up" the B-2, a maneuver whose details are secret. [143][144], United States Air Force (20 aircraft in active inventory). "The stealth technology developed from the program was later incorporated into other operational aircraft designs, including the B-2 stealth bomber". The decision to retire the B-2 early was made because the small fleet of 20 is considered too expensive per plane to retain, with its position as a stealth bomber being taken over with the introduction of the B-21 Raider starting in the mid-2020s. Production-ready 3D Model, with PBR materials, textures, non overlapping UV Layout map provided in the package. [140], On 28 March 2013, two B-2s flew a round trip of 13,000 miles (21,000 km) from Whiteman Air Force base in Missouri to South Korea, dropping dummy ordnance on the Jik Do target range. [64], Although the Air Force previously planned to operate the B-2 to 2058, their FY 2019 budget moved up its retirement to "no later than 2032". Atop the glare shield in the center is a Radio (or RADAR) Altimeter. An aircraft having radar stealth characteristics would be able to fly nearly undetected and could be attacked only by weapons and systems not relying on radar. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. New images will be taken and uploaded as time and resources allow.
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