Question 13. Explain the meaning of Sufi Silsila. How did she defy the norms of society? Question 6. Here, devotees can take bath or wash themselves before offering Namaz. Answer: In India, Mughal rulers regarded themselves as emperor of not just Muslims but of all peoples. The significance of Kabir’s poems is as follows: Source of Inspiration: Explain the teachings of Kabir. The Sultans in turn set up charitable trusts (auqaf) as endowments for hospices and granted tax-free land (inam). Q3-give the name of any four well known reformers of bhakti movement? 1. Studyrankers is a free educational platform for cbse k-12 students. Still she and her songs are popular among the poor or ‘low caste’ population in the State of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Download free printable assignments worksheets of History from CBSE NCERT KVS schools, free pdf of CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs Assignment chapter wise important exam questions and answers CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs Assignment. Pilgrimage, called Ziyarat to the tombs of Sufi saints is very common all over the Muslim world. Her compositions are known for intense expression of her emotion. It makes evident in the placement of the milirab (prayer niche) and the minbar (pulpit). It stretched as an unbroken spiritual lineage to the prophet Muhammad. (HOTS; Compartment 2013) They waste their lives in disputation. Classs 12th History Chapter 6th भक्ति-सूफी परंपराएं Notes classs-12th-history-chapter-6th भक्ति-सूफी परंपराएं Bhakti- Sufi Traditions CH-6th History class 12th Book- 2nd Notes 2. Royal affiliations of Mirabai From the bhajans it has been reconstructed that she was a Rajput princess from Merta in Marwar. In this way, she became the greatest figure of Nayanar’s philosophy. Kings did not simply need to demonstrate their association with sufis; they also required legitimation from them. Answer: Nirguna bhakti. Mention the two ideas of Brahmanical system challenged by the Lingayats. Name the major anthology compiled by the Alvars which is also described as the Tamil Veda. 1. (b) Kabir Granthavali. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Value Based Questions, Answer: The traditions, he drew to describe ultimate reality through his poems are: Jagannath is the form of which god? What also characterised traditions of bhakti was a remarkable diversity. Attach the map with the answer book. ____ means a chain which signifies a continuous link between master and disciple. According to him, the absolute or ‘rab’ had no gender or any specific form. (Delhi 2010) Answer: Vishnu Question 3. Varieties of sources used to reconstructthe history of sufi traditions. It is necessary that the order of the Emperor should be obeyed in every way. Answer: Two aspects of it are: Question 9. The ninth Guru, whose compositions were compiled in the Guru Granth Sahib was: 11. He described the ultimate reality as Allah, Khuda, Hazrat and Pir. The literal meaning of Silsila was a chain, signifying a continuous link between master and disciple. The main reason for this opposition was competition between members of other religious traditions for royal patronage. 1. (All India 2017) (Delhi 2015) How did Karaikkal Ammaiyar become the greatest figure of Nayanar tradition? So the category of Zimmi meaning protected was developed by the Muslim rulers for Jews, Christians, Hindus and other non-Muslims who lived under Muslim leadership. ! The message of Guru Nanak Devji was based on divinity. Some historians suggest that the Alvars and Nayanars initiated a movement of protest against the caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas or atleast attempted to reform the system. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 4 Marks Questions. (All India 2016) ... 26 Describe the relations between the state and the Bhakti and Sufi traditions. Explain with examples what historians mean by the integration of cults. Which group challenged the idea of caste and the pollution attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas. How did he describe the ultimate reality through his poems? (All India 2015) 3. Sources are as follows: Question 5. The importance of the traditions of the Alvars and Nayanars was sometimes indicated by the claim that their compositions were as important as the Vedas. Class 12 History Notes Chapter 6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions. Popular source of inspiration: Mirabai, now-a-days recognised as the source of inspiration instead of attracting a sect or group of followers. Answer: Question 2. Did he wish to establish a new religion? Point out any two similarities between the philosophy of Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev. All those who adopted Islam accepted the five pillars of this religion. For example, the disciples of Nizamuddin Auliya addressed him as Sultan-ul-Mashaikh (literally, Sultan amongst Shaikhs). A. Shiva B. Durga C. Vishnu D. Brahma Ans: C. 2.The text ‘Nalayira Divyaprabandham’ belongs to─ A. Alvars B. Nayanars C. Both a) and b) D. None of the above Ans: A Explanation: the tenth century anthology is compilation of compositions of the Alvars. Historians also got information from the biographies of saints written by their followers. Not surprisingly rulers tried to win their support as well. Ans. 3. They preached their message in Tamil. All this enhanced the moral authority of the shaikhs, which in turn attracted people from all walks of life. The sufis accepted unsolicited grants and donations from the political elites. In Vedic period women and Shudras were generally excluded from Vedic learning because women was treated like a thing which was kept at home only and not allowed to go outside and get education. Question 18. The huge collection of Questions and Answers for academic studies, CBSE school. Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Source Based Questions. Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions have different set of questions. Point out one similarity and dissimilarity between Lingayats and Nayanars. Class 12 - History - Bhakti-Sufi Tradition . (HOTS; All India 2010) How are they preserved? To assert their authority, both expected that certain rituals be performed such as prostration and kissing of the feet. The Collection of Saiva hymns by Appar, Sambandhar […] Sources to understand Bhakti and sufi traditions. Give an example which indicates that the composition of Alvars was as significant as Vedas of Brahmanas. 1. (All India 2014) Who led you so astray? Shaalaa has a total of 10 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 History. (All India 2016) BHAKTI SUFI TRADITIONS. Occasionally the sufi shaikh was addressed with high-sounding titles. Answer: Free PDF download of Important Questions with Answers for CBSE Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti Sufi Traditions prepared by expert History teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books only by CoolGyan to score more marks in CBSE board examination. For instance, some poems imbibed Islamic ideas and used monotheism and attacked Hindu polytheism and idol worship while others used the Sufi concept of zikr and ishq to express the Hindu practice of nam-simaran i.e. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. Question 22. During their travel they identified certain shrines as abodes of their chosen deities. Question 1. Mention any two universal architectural features of Mosque. Islamic Traditions: Based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. Delhi 2012. Class 12th History THEME-6 BHAKTI - SUFI TRADITIONS (Questions with Solutions) Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts (C. Eighth To Eighteenth Century) by Manish - … 8 OR How did Akbar ensure that their desire was fulfilled? I cant find the notes from chapter 9 and further chapters in your website!! (c) Uttar Pradesh. This practice is an occasion for seeking the sufi’s spiritual grace (barakat). He used the terms Alakh (Unseen), Nirakar (Formless), Brahman, Atman, etc to describe the ultimate reality. Answer: For example, Arab Muslim traders adopted local customs such, as matriliny and matrilocal residence. For more than seven centuries people of various creeds, classes and social backgrounds have travelled to the dargahs of the five great chisthi saints and expressed their devotions. Difference The Ba-Shari’a traditions followed Shari’a i.e. Explain how the biography of the saint poetess Mirabai has been primarily constructed. Special rituals for initiation were followed, e.g. 4. God is called by many names. God is the ultimate reality and one lord of the world, although he is known by several names. Who were Alvars and Nayanars? Lingayats were majorly based in ______. Explain the features of Islamic religion which contributed to its spread through the sub-continent. After the death of Guru Nanak Dev, his followers consolidated their own practices and distinguished themselves from both Hindus and Muslims. Chola rulers were the patrons to Shiva temples in Chidambaram, Thanjavur and Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Kabir used monotheism and iconoclasm to attack Hindu polytheism and idol worship and said God is one. Some special architectural features of Mosque are: Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 8 Marks Questions. Isn’t it gold all the same? The Sufis began to organise communities around the hospice or Khanqah and it was controlled by a teaching master known as Shaikh, Pir or Murshid. Home / History XII / Question Answers / THEME-6 BHAKTI ... 2020 in History XII, Question Answers. Two similarities between philosophy of Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev are: Question 3. Question 17. All these compilations were made long after the death of Kabir. One of the major themes in Tamil bhakti hymns was the poet’s opposition to Buddhism and Jainism. There was also difference in the architecture of mosque due to the change of regions. Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari and Hazrat. 2. The Chola rulers constructed many Shiva temples e.g. The major anthology composed by the Alvars was the ___________. By these efforts, people from various social backgrounds joined the movement, ranging from Brahmanas to artisans and cultivators and even from the castes considered ‘untouchable’. (All India 2009) Answer: They did not follow the varna system in our society given by the Brahmanas. Followers of Basavanna were known as Virashaivas or Lingayats. They worshipped Shiva in his manifestation as a linga and usually wore a small linga in a silver case on a loop strung over their left shoulder. Answer: A major feature of the Chishti tradition was austerity, including maintaining a distance from worldly power. Several terms from the vedantic traditions, such as Alakh, Nirakar, Brahmana, Atman were also taken. During the period of the 10th Century to the 17th Century, an important trend noticed in the religious life in India is […] The most important theme of Sufi philosophy was that serving people is the true religion. Tulsidas, a prominent leader of the Bhakti Movement, lived in: 2. Question 25. There was integration of cults – composition, compilation and presentation of puranic texts in simple Sanskrit verses. Question 19. However, the modes of their association were not the same as those of the Chishtis. We the people of different religions worship him differently, but God is the ultimate reality and he is one. At the same time, there was a second process at work that of the Brahmanas accepting and reworking the beliefs and practices of these and other social categories. (Delhi 2008) (HOTS; Delhi 2016) MCQ Questions for Class 12 History: Ch 6 Bhakti-Sufi traditions. Answer: The Lingayats or Virshaivas emerged in the 12th century in Karnataka under the leadership of Basavanna. And these were developed as centres of pilgrimage. The Alvars were worshippers of? taking an oath of allegiance, wearing a patched garment and shaving the hair. The One Lord: According to some scholars both Alvars and Nayanars were opposed to caste system made by the Brahmanas. 2. Question 14. Verses ascribed to Kabir have been compiled in three distinct traditions, viz, Kabir Bijak, Kabir Granthavali and Adi Granth Sahib. How was the situation complicated in the sub-continent and how did the rulers adopt to this situation? Similarity Both Lingayats and Nayanars protested against caste system and the dominance of Brahmanas. How did various chiefdoms in the Tamil region help them in the early first millennium CE? (c) Uttar Pradesh… Offering prayers five times a day (namaz/salat). Give two examples. Download CBSE Class 12 History Bhakti Sufi Traditions Notes in pdf, History chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes CBSE Class XII History - Bhakti-Sufi Traditions. Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts Questions with Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and Score More marks in your Class 12 … Karaikkal Ammaiyar was a devotee of Shiva. 2. The One Lord: Here is a composition attributed to Kabir Tell me, brother, how can there be No one lord of the world but two? The situation in the sub-continent became complicated, as there were enough population outside Islam. The questions includes 1 mark questions, 2 mark questions, 3 mark questions, 4 mark questions, 5 mark questions and other questions as per the latest CBSE curriculum for the current session. Explain the significance of Kabir’s poems and the traditions he drew to describe the ultimate reality. Answer: Mention the support they got from the Chola rulers. Both Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev advocated a form of Nirguna Bhakti. The significance of Kabir’s poem also lies in the fact that his teachings were inspired by both Hinduism and Islam which sometimes expressed diverse and conflicting ideas. Similarities : Both of Sufi traditions are critical of the dogmatic definitions and scholastic methods of interpretation of the Quran and sunna (traditions of the Prophet) adopted by theologians. There is one God, Allah and Prophet Muhammad is his messenger (Shahada). “The Lingayats challenged the idea of caste and the ‘pollution’ attributed to certain groups by Brahmanas,” Critically examine the statement. ... Plz upload more history chapters notes of 12th class!! The Sultans wanted their tombs to be in the vicinity of sufi shrines and hospices. Historians who have tried to understand these developments suggest that there were at least two processes at work. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. (HOTS; Delhi 2016) Answer: To some extent this is corroborated by the fact that Bhaktas hailed from diverse social backgrounds ranging from Brahmanas to artisans and cultivators and even from castes considered “untouchable”. 15. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow. Point out one difference and one similarity between Be-Shari’a and Ba-Shari’a Sufi traditions. The historians tried to reconstruct Kabir’s life and timings through a study of compositions attributed to him and later hagiographies. A Church in Khambat: Mention any two sources to know about Bhakti and Sufi traditions from 8th century to 18th century. The padris (fathers) of the Holy Society of Jesus wanted to build a house of prayer i.e. The Alvars were devotees of Vishnu, whereas the Nayanars were devotees of Shiva. They challenged some important ideas given in our dharmashastras. According to historians what was the second process of integration of cults? Further, their piety and scholarship, and people’s belief in their miraculous powers made sufis popular among the masses, whose support kings wished to secure. 3.Theoretically, Muslim rulers were to be guided by the ulama. When the Turks set up the Delhi Sultanate, they resisted the insistence of the ulama on imposing shari’a as state law because they anticipated opposition from their subjects, the majority of whom were non-Muslims. Who led you so astray? He proposed a simple way to connect to the divine by remembering and repeating the divine name. Key concepts in nutshell. 1. The Lingayats disapproved certain practices of the Dharmashashtras. Both Kabir and Guru Nanak Dev rejected idol worship, also rejected sacrifices and ritual baths. They did not accept the theory of rebirth. 1. The ‘Nalayira Divyaprabandham’ of the Alvars was compared with the. Both the traditions are preserved in the following ways: Question 10. Rulers like Pallavas, Pandyas, Cholas were patron of Brahmanical and bhakti traditions, making land grants and constructing temples. Answer: They challenged the Brahmanical system in the following ways: Question 8. (Delhi Z016) The Chishtis accepted donations in cash and kind. Sufi Silsila began to flourish in different parts of Islamic world around the 12th century. Other terms with mystical connotations such as shabda (sound) or Shunya (emptiness) were drawn from yogic tradition. Answer: One kills the goat, the other cows. He organised his followers into a community. 9. NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts. Why were shudras and women excluded from vedic learning in vedic period? 16. It developed a body of literature on Quranic studies and Sufi practices. 2. Because of her behaviour, her in-laws once tried to poison her, but she managed to escape the in-laws home and preferred to live as a wandering saint and composing the songs of bhakti and love for the Krishna. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 6 – 2 Marks Questions. 1. These textual sources included composition attributed to poet saints. TopperLearning’s Experts and Students has answered all of Bhakti Sufi Tradition of CBSE Class 12 Humanities History questions in detail. the Islamic law. Ans: During the period of the 10th Century to the 17th Century, an important trend noticed in the religious life in India […] Q2-who were alavars? 1. NCERT Solutions Class 12 History 2 Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts. Chidambram, Thanjavur and. Do you agree with Kabir? Here is a composition attributed to Kabir Tell me, brother, how can there be No one lord of the world but two?
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