TY - THES. In general, Dunaliella salina species are ubiquitous in saline environments, and often multiple species occur in the same habitat. Dunaliella salina, a halotolerant chlorophyte, is one of the richest sources of natural carotenoids and, similar to various members of the Chlorophyceae, accumulates a high content (up to 10% of the dry biomass) of carotenoids under conditions that are sub-optimal for growth i.e., high light intensity, sub-optimal temperatures, nutrient limitation and high salt concentrations. Natural Mixed Carotenoids are among nature’s safest and best antioxidants. Betatene ® is available in excellent quality for applications in dietary supplements as well as functional foods and beverages. N2 - Innovative production processes based on renewable resources are required to stop the exhaustion of our natural resources. Now- Reuse of SWRO brine for the production of carotenoids from Dunaliella salina and removal of macronutrients J.A. Among the carotenoids, astaxanthin was found to be more effective than β-carotene as an antioxidant and a better agent to destroy free radicals than other carotenoids [9,10]. Dunaliella salina A particularly rich source of natural carotenoids, especially β‐carotene, is D. salina (which includes the recently reclassified D. bardawil; Borowitzka and Siva 2007; www.algaebase.org). Dunaliella salina strain and stock preparation The Dunaliella salina (EGEMACC-24) strain was obtained from Ege University Microalgae Culture Collection, Turkey. Y1 - 2011. Physiological responses of Dunaliella salina and Dunaliella viridis, isolated from solar saltworks on the Yucatan Peninsula, were studied. For the ﬁrst time, Milko (1963) reported that Dunaliella contains high concentra-tions of b-carotene and later it was also recommended as a commercial source of glycerol (Ben-Amotz 1980). The proven health benefits of dunaliella salina carotenoid will leave you with a smile. Dunaliella salina stores secondary carotenoids (predomi-nantly β-carotene) in lipid globules in the chloroplast when cultivated under stress conditions. Total carotenoi … Here we investigated the effects of high intensity blue, red and white light from light emitting diodes (LED) on the production of carotenoids by strains of D. salina under nutrient sufficiency and strict temperature control favouring growth. To survive in a salty environment, Dunaliella salina makes high concentrations of beta-carotene and other carotenoids to protect against the intense UV light. T1 - Metabolomics of carotenoid accumulation in Dunaliella salina. 29 Keywords: Dunaliella salina, new isolates, characterization, light intensity, β-carotene, carotenoids, 30 correlations, lutein, classification 31 1. 2000). Introduction 32 Natural carotenoids have gained increasing attention in recent years because of their health 33 benefits compared to synthetic Betatene ® is a naturally sourced beta-carotene derived from algae (Dunaliella salina) and part of the broad beta-carotene product range BASF offers. +34 928457301 Correspondence Jaortegamendez@gmail.com more than 8% of dry weight (Ben-Amotz et al. The halotolerant photoautotrophic marine microalga Dunaliella salina is one of the richest sources of natural carotenoids. Beta-carotene is a pigment, belonging to a family of naturally occurring yellow, orange and red pigments, which are collectively called as carotenoids, found in various fruits, cruciferous, yellow and dark – green vegetables and also abundantly in algae such as Dunaliella salina. Optimal growth temperature for D. salina was 22 degrees C (3.06 x 10(6) cells mL(-1)) and 26 degrees C for D. viridis (4.04 x 10(6)cells mL(-1)). Dunaliella is a unique unicellular species of algae harvested from the Dead Sea containing rich concentrations of carotenoids (mainly Beta-Carotene), antioxidants and … Dunaliella salina is a type of halophile green micro-algae especially found in sea salt fields. Carotenoids are naturally found in fruits and vegetables and considered one of the most important daily nutrients for people to consume every day. Additionally, different species of Dunaliella can accumulate significant amounts of valuable fine chemicals such as carotenoids, glycerol, lipids, vitamins, minerals and proteins. This alga is often found in natural marine habitats where it colours the water red. Carotenoids and fatty acids both possess long carbon backbones; however, the relationship between carotenoid and fatty acid metabolism is controversial and remains poorly understood in microalgae. This green alga is a unicellular ovoid biflagellate (Figure 1.1). The green alga Dunaliella salina can accumulate high amount of β-carotene which is more than 14% of its dry weight in its cup shaped chloroplast when subjected to abiotic stresses. Dunaliella salina was ﬁrst recognized by Teodoresco (1905). Dunaliella salina is a microalgae occurring naturally in a number of locations worldwide. Dunaliella salina extract is an ideal ingredient in skin care because it’s full of active ingredients. However, carotenoids responsible for the red colouration in D. salina are found in algal chloroplasts, whereas halophilic archaea also occupying hypersaline lakes have red pigments dispersed throughout the cell membrane. When the cells are stressed, the red fluorescence Name: Dunaliella salina powder: Function: Dunaliella salina was thought to be responsible for the red colouring of salted brines. Dunaliella salina is natural form of beta-carotene derived from the ocean and it's a natural microalgae. Ortega Méndez CANARAGUA, S.A., Grupo AGBAR, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria , 35007 , Islas Canarias , Spain Phone: Tel. Under different abiotic-stress conditions, the unicellular green microalga Dunaliella salina accumulates large amounts of carotenoids which are accompanied by fatty acid biosynthesis. This natural beta-carotene offers a number of unique health benefits for the heart, eyes, and skin. Good HPLC-based methods already exist for the separation, detection and quantification of a wide variety of carotenoids (Fraser et al. Carotenoids are also naturally found in some fruits and vegetables and are considered one of the most important daily nutrients for … Dunaliella salina is a single celled, salt-water micro-algae that accumulates massive amounts of carotenoids under appropriate growth conditions. This work proposes a sustainable process to maximise the potential of Dunaliella salina for the production of distinct fractions of carotenoids, glycerol, polar lipids and proteins, which may contribute to improve the revenues of the microalgae industry. Dunaliella salina contains a potent mixture of important carotenoids, includ- ing: betacarotene, alpha-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin. β-carotene and lutein are major carotenoids of D. salina and account for 90% and 5% of total carotenoids… They also have a large potential for biotechnological processes such as expressing of foreign proteins and treatment of wastewater. Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga found in environments with high salt concentration .It produces a distinct pink and red colour often characteristic of saltern ponds .Michel Felix Dunal first discovered "D. salina" in 1838 in the south of France occupying; however, it was not named until 1905 by Teodoresco . A 1-L stock culture was grown in a 2-L flask on an incubator shaker at 100 rpm under 50 µmol photons/m2 s … the green microalga Dunaliella salina Y6 Mingcan Wu1,2,3, Rongfang Zhu1, Jiayang Lu1, Anping Lei1*, Hui Zhu3, Zhangli Hu1,2 and Jiangxin Wang1* Abstract Purpose: Under different abiotic-stress conditions, the unicellular green microalga Dunaliella salina accumulates large amounts of carotenoids which are accompanied by fatty acid biosynthesis. Dunaliella salina is very rich in carotenoids and vitamins A and E. It acts as an antioxidant and moisturizer*. Cultures are conducted in three main stages: inoculum multiplication, biomass biosynthesis, and carotenoids extraction. Beta-Carotene-Rich Extract from Dunaliella salina is produced by Dunaliella salina, an extreme halotolerant alga, which inhabits natural and man-made salt lakes and ponds. Dunaliella salina Teodoresco is a green alga capable of producing high concentrations of carotenoids, i.e. Dunaliella salina is a unicellular green alga of the genus and was studied since the early 19th century, and numerous species were characterized and classified since then. high light PY - 2011. Cl.7 C07C403/24; C12N1/12 Introduction Microalgae are among the fastest growing auto-trophs on the earth, which utilize commonly available material for growth. Here are some Dunaliella salina benefits: Protects Against Free Radicals – Dunaliella salina extract is rich in antioxidants , which help fight free radicals that damage skin and cause it to age prematurely. AU - Lamers, P.P. The carotene-rich algae is harvested and concentrated, and the carotenoids are extracted using an essential oil rich in d-limonene. The microalga Dunaliella salina is the best commercial source of natural β‐carotene. India is a tropical country with abundant coastal area and superfluous solar energy +34 928457301 Fax: Tel. It protects and softens the skin. 1982), when stressed.These carotenoids are stored in lipid globules. One type of microalgae that is potential to be developed as a natural feed is Dunaliella salina. Buy amazing dunaliella salina carotenoid on Alibaba.com at irresistible offers and enhance your well-being. Factors that influence affect the density and carotenoids of D. salina is the intensity of light because it has an important role in the process of photosynthesis. Non-stressed cells are dominated by the chloroplast, emitting red fluorescence originating from the chlorophyll in the thylakoid mem-branes. Dunaliella Salina is the best source in nature of beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein and lycopene. D. salina contains a potent mixture of the most important carotenoids, including: B-carotene, A-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, astaxanthin and cryptoxanthin. *Moisturizes the upper layers of the epidermis. 51 Dunaliella salina, a halotolerant chlorophyte, is one of the richest sources of natural carotenoids 52 and, similar to various members of the Chlorophyceae, accumulates a high content (up to 10 % of the 53 dry biomass) of carotenoids under conditions that are sub-optimal for growth i.e. N1 - WU thesis 4978. On the industrial scale, β-carotene is obtained in molds Blakeslea trispora and alga Dunaliella salina cultivations. Keywords: β-carotene, carotenoids, Dunaliella salina, microalgae IPC Code: Int.
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