Leading knowledge mobilization for public value: The case of the congestion charge zone (Area C) in Milan. For Kelly, Mulgan and Muers (2002) these three ‘building blocks’ of public value creation provide the basis for a new way of thinking about government activity and a means of guiding decision‐makers in considering the value they create. The applicability of the competition doctrine to the public sector has been questioned in the literature for several reasons including the existence of both demand and supply side imperfections (Kelly 1998), and the absence of conditions required to generate efficiency gains (Wilkinson 1995). This partly reflects, of course, the dominance of NPM where the pursuit of results and a cost and efficiency focus were rewarded. Keywords: Public Administration, New Public Administration, New Public Management, New Public Service Pendahuluan Terjadinya pergeseran dari paradigma satu ke paradigma lain, bukan tanpa sebab. Public Value Management in Brexit Britain. collective) preferences. Public value-driven place branding. Because there is new public Electronic Governance and Open Society: Challenges in Eurasia. Does it Matter, Innovation in Governance and Public Services: Past and Present, Privatization and Its Reverse: Explaining the Dynamics of the Government Contracting Process, Contracts, Competitive Bidding and Market Forces: Recent Experience in the Supply of Local Bus Services, The New Pragmatism: Moving beyond the Debate over NPM, The New Public Management: Challenging the Boundaries of the Management vs. Administration Debate, An Inclusive Democratic Polity, Representative Bureaucracies, and the New Public Management, The New Public Management: How to Transform a Theme into a Legacy, Building an Enterprise Culture in the Public Sector: Reform, Police Performance Measurement: A Normative Framework, Adding Public Value: A New Era of Contractual Governance, A Public Value Framework for Contractual Governance, Inside and Beyond the Black Box of Contracting Out: Evidence from Local Government, OECD [Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, The Principal‐Agent Relationship in Organisations, Public Value or Intrinsic Value? Other disciplines like economics and history were well linked with this paradigm and was very integrated. At the end of the 20th century, a post‐bureaucratic paradigm of public management was firmly embedded in many countries reflecting the outcome of the suite of reforms intended to enact a break from the traditional model of public administration underpinned by Weber's (1946) bureaucracy, Wilson's (1887) policy‐administration divide, and Taylor's (1911) scientific management model of work organisation. This reflects the difference between private value (i.e. This work directly challenges the clientelism and rationalist paradigm of the New Public Management. The NPM paradigm encompassed specific assumptions about human behaviour centred on individualism, instrumentality and individual rationality and from here came new performance motivated administration and institutional arrangements, new structural forms, and new managerial doctrines (Kelly 1998; Lynn 1998). Such distinctions are important, especially the recognition that politics is central in a public value paradigm. Moving from Social and Sustainability Reporting to Integrated Reporting: Exploring the Potential of Italian Public-Funded Universities’ Reports. From 1980 to 1990, a new theory adds in public administration that the name is New Public Management (NPM). The New Deal followed (and realized) the societal vision of the progressives.